This is a double-masked, randomized, multi-center, active-controlled, crossover comparison
of the addition of AR-12286 or timolol to latanoprost in the treatment of elevated
intraocular pressure (IOP).
||Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years|
|Genders Eligible for Study:||Both|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- 18 years of age or greater.
- Diagnosis of open angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT).
- Currently using prostaglandin analogue (monotherapy or combination therapy) O.U. ? 1
month at time of study entry (first qualification visit) in study eye(s).
- Qualification Visit 1 (Screening) IOP at 16:00 hrs: PG monotherapy patients: ? 18 mm
Hg; Combination therapy patients: >= 16 mm Hg. Qualification Visit 2 (post
latanoprost run-in) IOP ? 20 mm Hg at 08:00 hrs and 10:00 hrs, IOP ? 18 mm Hg at
16:00 hrs in study eye(s). (Note: combination therapy may include any combination of
topical ocular hypotensive agents).
- Corrected visual acuity in each eye +1.0 logMAR or better by ETDRS in each eye
(equivalent to 20/200).
- Able and willing to give signed informed consent and follow study instructions
In either eye:
- Previously randomized to treatment in a clinical study of AR-12286.
- Intraocular pressure > 36 mm Hg.
- History of acute angle-closure glaucoma, or closed or narrow angle upon gonioscopy
- Known hypersensitivity or contraindication to timolol maleate ophthalmic solution, or
any component of the formulation (benzalkonium chloride, etc.), or to topical
anesthetics, including history of conjunctival hyperemia with topical latanoprost of
severity greater than 1 on a 0-3 scale.
- Ocular trauma within the past six months, or ocular surgery or laser treatment within
the past three months.
- Contact lens wear within 30 minutes of instillation of study medication.
- PG monotherapy patients: Ocular hypotensive medication (other than prostaglandin)
within 4 weeks of Visit 0 (Study entry, first qualification visit). Combination
therapy patients: Ocular hypotensive medication (other than prostaglandin and current
additional agent) within 4 weeks of Visit 0 (Study entry, first qualification visit).
- Conjunctival hyperemia of grade 2+ or greater at Visit 1.
- Any other ocular medication within 4 weeks of Visit 1 with the exception of
lubricating drops for dry eye (which may be used throughout the study).
- Clinically significant ocular disease (e.g. corneal edema, uveitis, severe
keratoconjunctivitis sicca) which might interfere with the study, including
glaucomatous damage so severe that treatment with only latanoprost for two periods of
up to 4 weeks is not judged safe (e.g., advanced glaucomatous optic nerve head or
visual field loss).
- Any abnormality preventing reliable applanation tonometry of either eye.
In study eye(s):
- Glaucoma: pseudoexfoliation or pigment dispersion component, history of angle
closure. Note: Previous laser peripheral iridotomy is acceptable.
- Previous glaucoma intraocular surgery or laser procedures.
- Refractive surgery (e.g., radial keratotomy, PRK, LASIK, etc.).
- Central corneal thickness greater than 600 ?.
- Known bronchial asthma (history or current), severe chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease, sinus bradycardia, second or third degree atrioventricular block or overt
- Clinically significant abnormalities in laboratory tests at screening, recognizing
that subjects are not fasting at the time of drawing blood.
- Clinically significant systemic disease (e.g., uncontrolled diabetes, myasthenia
gravis, hepatic, renal, cardiovascular or endocrine disorders) which might interfere
with the study.
- Participation in any investigational study within the past 30 days.
- Changes of systemic medication that could have a substantial effect on IOP 4 weeks
prior to screening, or anticipated during the study.
- Due to status of preclinical safety program, women of childbearing potential who are
pregnant, nursing, planning a pregnancy, or not using a medically acceptable form of
birth control. An adult woman is considered to be of childbearing potential unless
she is one year post-menopausal or three months post-surgical sterilization. All
females of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test result at
the screening examination and must not intend to become pregnant during the study.