Fanconi anemia, also known as aplastic anemia with congenital anomalies, is a rare genetic disorder that may be apparent at birth or during childhood. In some cases, Fanconi anemia might not be diagnosed until adulthood. It is an inherited predisposition to gene mutations, probably because of a poor ability to repair chromosome damage (chromosome instability). It predisposes to damage to stem cells and eventually to leukemic transformation. The disorder is characterized by a deficiency of all bone marrow elements including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets (pancytopenia). Fanconi anemia may also be associated with heart (cardiac), kidney (renal), and/or skeletal abnormalities. It is commonly accompanied by patchy, brown discolorations (pigmentation changes) of the skin. There are several different subtypes (complementation groups) of Fanconi anemia, each of which is thought to result from an abnormal change (mutation) to a different gene. Each subtype appears to share the same characteristic symptoms and findings (phenotype). Most cases of Fanconi anemia have autosomal recessive inheritance. Fanconi anemia is not related in any way to Fanconi syndrome, a rare kidney disorder.
Most effective Anemia, Fanconi treatments reported by our members
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Most severe Anemia, Fanconi symptoms reported by our members
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